MS IEC 62305 Conventional Lightning Arrester in malaysia: A Comprehensive Guide by TAKO Since 1979

Conventional Lightning Arrester Guide


Lightning is one of the primary geophysical phenomena that can disrupt our electrical systems, and buildings or even lead to human injuries. Lightning as well as technological and electric power increasingly becoming part of our life make the protection of buildings and networks from all lightning damage even more important.

This comprehensive guide will explore the universe of lightning protection where we will give a more detailed description of the conventional lightning arresters. These inconspicuous devices are essential in protecting our infrastructure from lightning strikes.

The Threat of Lightning Strikes

conventional lightning arrester

Imagine millions of volts of electrical energy coming down from the sky in a quick burst. Devastating effects from lightning strikes can include:

1.         Electrical System Damage: Power surges can burn sensitive electronic components, overcharge the power lines, and result in costly repair

2.         Fire Hazards: As soon as the lightning strikes the building, it starts a fire that can spread rapidly

3.         Safety Risks: Lightening may have dangerous effects on people and animals in the vicinity of lightning as well.

Conventional Lightning Arresters: A Reliable Method

People have been safeguarding lightning’s approach for cases for more than 50 years by the well-known conventional lightning arrester, so-called rod gap arresters. Let’s break down how they work

Component of a Conventional Lightning Arrester

Each conventional lightning arrester system consists of three principal parts that stand guard against dangerous surges in power stemming from lightning strikes. Let’s delve into these components: Let’s delve into these components:

1.         Air Terminals (Lightning Rods):

  • Purpose: Air terminals alternatively called these structures lightning rods are located at great heights. Their main reason is to collect charge from the lightning bolts.
  • Design: These conductive rods usually use materials that are not prone to corrosion, such as copper or aluminum. Concavely shaped at the top, they do the work of now and energy discharge.
  • Placement: The air terminals are positioned at the points of the highest height – both in the building and on the structure – to ensure that lightning strikes them as the first option.

2.         Conductors (Downleads):

  • Purpose: Conductors will route the fast paths to the ground while opposing the lightning currents flow.
  • Design: These conductive strands help transfer power from the air terminal to a grounding system.
  • Material: Best materials such as copper or aluminum are chosen because they decrease resistance to current and have a superior capacity to return heat.

3.         Grounding Mechanism:

  • Purpose: In contrast, when the energy from lightning strikes any object, it will be quickly and safely discharged into the ground.
  • Components: Ground Rods, Grounding Grid, Counterpoise

How It Works:

1.         Lightning Strike:

Given the attraction of the air terminal, when lightning is just about to hit the earth, it gets diverted as a result. Directly, the lightning current goes down the conductors and the path of least resistance.

2.         Grounding:

This current moves close to the grounding system because the conductor routes it this way. The grounding system of the facility is constituted of ground rods, grounding grids, and counterpoises that distribute the energy over the ground. The insulation of the low-voltage shed wire connects to the earth to stop a current runoff from dissipating.

Advantages of Conventional Lightning Arrester

1.         Enhanced Protection:

The conventional lightning arrester has when contact was established with direct lightning among the best protective abilities. By carrying the surge to the ground, they can prevent short circuits which can destroy power systems appliances, and sensitive equipment at home.

In contrast to passive devices which get worse with time and lose their absorbing capacity, transient absorbers are designed to function properly throughout the changes.

2.         Safety Assurance:

Through the installation of lightning arresters in such a manner, the flow of lightning power is diverted from the structures and the instances of fires, explosions, and electrical shocks are minimized.

The residents the workers or the community present in that area can rest assured of their safety status.

3.         Regulatory Compliance:

Several models and safety legislation require the installation of lightning protection systems in buildings. These arresters are manufactured just for that and serve the purpose well.

Compliance ensures the insurance coverage and readers’ efforts to make sure their property is safe.

Real-World Applications

Residential Homes:

Lightning protection systems need to be a part of each home. This includes regular guards of the roofs, chimneys, and electrical panels, among others. People have the opportunity to secure assets, electronics, and the safety of their loved ones at home.

Commercial Buildings:

Building complexes offices, factories, as well as warehouses, are inoperable in the absence of a continuous power supply. Conventionally installed arresters that protect system-critical machinery, computer servers, and communication networks. Business continuity and productivity are ensured with our guarantees.

Industrial Facilities:

The most vulnerable structures to the effect of lightning are industrial facilities, typically factories, power stations, and refineries. Alongside such traditional arresters, they not only protect machinery, pipelines, and control systems, but also humans. The impact of system downtime on the bottom line is negligible because we are equipped to address these matters with minimum downtime and repair costs.

Limitations of Conventional Lightning Arresters

While conventional lightning arresters offer reliable protection, it’s essential to recognize their limitations:

Single-Strike Capability

Conventional lightning arrester devices are intended to provide one successful discharge of lightning. Following a substantial strike, it will demand a complete replacement or detailed examination.

Maintenance Dependency

Regular maintenance is critical. They can get affected by dust, corrosion, and physical damages that may be the reasons for better performance.

Inspections should also include testing the connection, metering the grounding, checking the rod condition, etc.

Geographical Variation

Area points out that gains would not be the same during conventional arresters as these would be always dependent on geographical location. Customized lightning protection systems according to the coastal regions, high-altitude areas, and zones that are prone to lightning

Conventional Lightning Arresters vs. ESE Arresters

When choosing a lightning protection system, it’s essential to weigh the pros and cons of different technologies. Let’s compare conventional lightning arresters with Early Streamer Emission (ESE) arresters:

Conventional Lightning ArresterESE type Lightning Arresters
ProsProven Reliability: Decades of successful use in various settings.
Simplicity: Straightforward design and installation.
Cost-Effective: Generally more affordable upfront.
Extended Protection Radius: ESE arresters claim a larger protective area.
Multi-Strike Capability: Can handle multiple lightning strikes.
Geographical Adaptability: Suitable for diverse environments.
ConsSingle-Strike Capability: Effective for one lightning strike.
Maintenance Dependency: Regular inspections are crucial.
Geographical Variation: Effectiveness varies by location.
Cost: ESE arresters are often more expensive.
Complexity: Requires precise installation and maintenance.
Controversy: Some debate exists regarding their efficacy.

TAKO Astatic Technology Sdn Bhd: Pioneers in Lightning Protection

Since its inception in 1979, TAKO has been at the forefront of lightning protection technology. With decades of experience, TAKO has honed its expertise in safeguarding structures, equipment, and lives from the unpredictable forces of nature.

TAKO’s commitment to excellence extends beyond mere industry standards. Here’s why TAKO stands out:

Research and Development: TAKO invests significantly in research and development, constantly pushing the boundaries of lightning protection. Their team of engineers and experts collaborates to create innovative solutions that evolve with the changing landscape.

Quality Assurance: Every TAKO lightning arrester undergoes rigorous testing and quality checks. From material selection to manufacturing processes, TAKO ensures that its products meet the highest standards of reliability and durability.

Custom Solutions: TAKO understands that each structure is unique. Whether it’s a residential building, an industrial facility, or a historical monument, TAKO tailors its lightning protection systems to specific requirements, ensuring optimal performance.

Education and Training: TAKO doesn’t stop at product delivery. They actively educate clients, architects, and engineers about lightning risks and mitigation strategies. Workshops, seminars, and training sessions empower stakeholders to make informed decisions.

Trust TAKO for Tailored Solutions

TAKO Since 1979

Consultation: Contact TAKO’s team of professionals. We assess your specific needs and recommend lightning protection solutions tailored to your environment.

Customized Approach: TAKO considers geographical factors, building height, and soil conductivity. Our goal is to provide effective protection that suits your unique situation.

Transparency and Trust: TAKO’s commitment to integrity ensures unbiased information. We guide you toward the most suitable lightning protection system.

Choose wisely. Contact TAKO today to secure your property against lightning strikes.


In a world where technology intertwines deeply with our lives and infrastructure, the threat posed by lightning strikes is significant. This guide has explored conventional lightning arresters as crucial guardians against lightning’s destructive force, emphasizing their components, functionality, and real-world applications.

While conventional lightning arresters offer proven reliability and cost-effectiveness, they have limitations such as single-strike capability and maintenance dependency. Comparing them to emerging technologies like Early Streamer Emission (ESE) arresters highlights the importance of informed decision-making.

Understanding these limitations empowers property owners, architects, and engineers to make informed choices. Whether you choose conventional or ESE (Early Streamer Emission) arresters, TAKO’s expertise ensures your safety.

Your Next Step

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What is the coverage area of a conventional lightning arrester?

The coverage area depends on factors like design, installation height, and terrain. Generally, it protects structures or equipment within a radius of several meters to tens of meters. Larger areas may require multiple arresters for adequate coverage.

What are the types of lightning arresters?

Lightning arresters are mainly rod-type (conventional) and non-linear resistors (MOV). Rod-type uses a rod connected to the ground, while non-linear resistor arresters use metal oxide varistors to divert lightning current.

What is the difference between active and passive lightning arresters?

Active arresters detect lightning strikes and trigger a response to divert current, often using technologies like ESE. Passive arresters rely on design and components to divert strikes without active detection.

What is non-conventional lightning protection system?

Non-conventional systems, like ESE or charge transfer, offer innovative approaches to lightning protection beyond traditional methods. They aim to provide effective protection with potential advantages like extended coverage and faster response times. However, their effectiveness and reliability may vary, requiring thorough evaluation before implementation.

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